Avoiding Dehydration In Summer

How many times have we heard the experts say phrases like “During the summer you have to drink a lot, at least a liter and a half of water a day”? So many times, and of course there is a valid reason: avoid dehydration.

There is the talk of dehydration when the body loses more fluids than it takes, so it does not have enough to perform its regular ‘tasks.’

In the summer, heat and sweat contribute to the loss of many more liquids, which must be replenished. If you do not reintegrate, you can dehydrate yourself.

The main symptoms are :

  • thirst
  • weakness
  • muscle cramps
  • dark-colored urine
  • infusion of eyeballs
  • dizziness
  • palpitations
  • anxiety
  • dry skin and mucous membranes
  • low pressure
  • fatigue
  • drowsiness
  • numbness

How should we behave to avoid dehydration? Instructions on how to avoid dehydration in summer :

  1. In individuals, when the mechanism of sweating is activated, it means that at that moment organic mineral salts are being lost, which must be integrated. So, it is necessary to drink a lot. Among the drinks, first place is the water but also smoothies or light tea.
  2. With the hot heat, the appetite is less, and that is why our body is directed towards dishes such as salads or cold dishes. Also, it is preferable to consume fruit, vegetables, cereals, legumes, meat, and fish.
  3. Vitamins A, C, and E are also indispensable. Vitamin A is present, for example, in melons, peaches, carrots, and squash. Vitamin C in citrus fruits, cabbage, tomatoes, green peppers. Vitamin E, which is anti-oxidant and anti-aging, can be found in vegetable oils, wheat germ in legumes, etc.
  4. Avoid going out during the hottest hours of the day, especially children and the elderly.

How To Avoid Dangers For Children Over Three Years

Always keeping in mind the previous guides to avoid dangers for our child, we now face the issue of children who have become a little older. After three years children are perfectly able to understand what is dangerous and what is not.

However, there is a willingness in them to know and experiment continuously, so it is important to explain to them well what and how many dangers they may incur not being careful. Gradually you can grant them more and more autonomy but control them discreetly while they play and always try to prevent dangerous situations.

Your child grows up quickly and gains autonomy, but you must always explain to him in a clear way what are the dangerous situations.

Instructions

  • Never leave matches and lighters or anything else that is dangerous to children.
  • Do not allow the child to play with alcohol or flammable liquids.
  • Keep all dangerous liquids away from the child’s reach.
  • Keep safe, locked in a room all objects that could be dangerous to the child or be used dangerously: like weapons or knives.

How to Avoid Heat Stroke

The summer season can turn out to be a real odyssey for all those who work outdoors, just because of the excessive heat to which they must inevitably cope. One of the most many risks, for all those who can not help but stay under the warm rays of the sun even in the most unthinkable hours. Represented by the heat stroke that leads to an increase in body temperature up to a consequent and excessive loss of liquids that can sometimes lead to serious consequences.

How to Avoid Heat Stroke

In fact, we will never stop advising to avoid the hottest hours to carry out our outdoor activities, unless we are called upon to do so for reasons that do not depend on our will, just like work. Below, I will show you some tips to avoid the sunstrokes with all the possible illnesses that can cause and ranging from the very first feeling of thirst, followed by loss of appetite, dizziness, up to more serious diseases such as nausea, vomiting and temporary loss of knowledge.

  • The first advice, in some respects even the most obvious, consists precisely in avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun, especially during the most critical hours and also in cases where liquids are being taken. It should always be remembered that, if in the past we have already been victims of sunstroke, we must always be careful, despite some hours have passed, not to suffer relapses;
  • As already anticipated, it is advisable to drink plenty of water, ideal against dehydration. Remember not to take large amounts of water altogether, but it is a good rule to drink a lot even in the hours before our sun exposure;
  • In addition to water, it is also advisable to drink beverages rich in mineral salts; to this end, an excellent natural alternative is represented by fruits and vegetables, recommended foods during the summer season for their quantity of water and salt stocks;
  • Avoid some drinks such as those rich in caffeine (tea, coffee, coca cola), as well as alcoholic beverages that, contrary to what our body needs in moments of great heat, accelerate the process of dehydration making us sweat more;
  • The most avid smokers should reduce and, if possible, eliminate excessive cigarette consumption;
  • Always bring water with you, not just to quench your thirst but also to pour it from time to time on your head and neck; so we take advantage, if possible, of the presence of some small town fountains to refresh ourselves a bit;
  • Attention also to those who work in shops or offices equipped with air conditioning; often, the worst heat hits hit those who have been exposed for too long at internal temperatures much lower than the external ones;
  • Repairing the head with a hat could be an excellent alternative for those forced to spend several hours under the sun;
  • It is not advisable, however, to be bare-chested, as we absorb more heat: better to sweat with a sweater on, but in case of slight gusts of wind can refresh a minimum;
  • And speaking of T-shirts, always choose light-colored clothing that, unlike the dark ones, do not absorb the sun’s rays but reflect them.

As mentioned at the beginning of the article just like musikji, it is always advisable to avoid the hottest hours of the day, so if you have to do some commissions, choose the early hours of the day or, after sunset. Remember, finally, never to force yourself too much when you are under the scorching sun of summer, whatever the activity you are going to do!

How To Control The Melanoma

The Melanoma is a skin cancer that often appears in the form of.Especially after the summer, on the skin appear much more in that simply for aesthetic reasons can make theĀ  nose turn up. In reality, those in the can hide bigger problems.

The melanoma, in fact, is an increasingly common cancer nowadays and it is constantly increasing.
According to some studies, the incidence of this tumor is slightly higher in women than in men. The causes can be multiple, both genetic and geographical, but the most affected areas of the body are the legs and the face for women, while for men the trunk.

If the melanoma is still confined to the superficial skin layers, the prognosis is good, with the patient’s speedy recovery. On the other hand, if the melanoma has reached the deepest layers of the skin, the health of the patient may be at risk.

It is therefore important that prevention begins with a thorough dermatological examination of the.

Beyond the dermatological checks, you must also learn to know your own and if in doubt contact your doctor immediately.

Here is a brief handbook to recognize and prevent melanoma.

  1. It is important to observe the configuration of the mole, the object of the survey. If it has an irregular and asymmetric shape, that is, it is not round, it can be an atypical mole.
  2. Then, you have to look at the edges. If its boundaries are jagged and irregular, the neo must surely be checked by experts.
    As for the color: there are in the lighter and others darker. If the mole in question is particularly dark or if it has an uneven color, it may be a melanoma.
  3. Regarding the dimensions: normally the diameter of the mole is not more than 6 mm. It may happen that after prolonged exposure to the sun some of them have grown in extension: the one that was small and almost invisible has now reached larger dimensions. If it exceeds the allowed size or if it has grown over time, an accurate dermatological examination is recommended.
  4. Some in then “break” and bleed. There are no real causes for this to happen. In some cases it is seasonal, in others it happens due to stress. However, these are atypical and therefore require a specialist visit.

The dermatologist, after the visit, will be able to better advise the patient on the measures to be taken.